François Chung, Ph.D.

Tag: 2011

LAP 2011 - Livre

LAP 2011 – Livre

Publication

François Chung; Regional appearance modeling for model-based image segmentation: Methodological approaches to improve the accuracy of model-based image segmentation; Lambert Academic Publishing (LAP), Saarbrücken, 2011; ISBN: 978-3844322095.

Abstract

This thesis presents a novel appearance prior for model-based image segmentation. This appearance prior, denoted as Multimodal Prior Appearance Model (MPAM), is built upon an Expectation–Maximization (EM) clustering of intensity profiles with model order selection to automatically select the number of profile classes. Unlike classical approaches based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA), the clustering is considered as regional because intensity profiles are classified for each mesh and not for each vertex. Comparative results on liver profiles from Computed Tomography (CT) images show that MPAM outperforms PCA-based appearance models. Finally, methods for the analysis of lower limb structures from Magnetic Resonance (MR) images are presented. A first part deals with the creation of subject-specific models for kinematic simulations of the lower limbs. In a second part, the performance of statistical models is compared in the context of lower limb bone segmentation when only a small number of datasets is available for training.

Références

Publication

Livre (Amazon)
Livre (MoreBooks)
Référence bibliographique (BibTeX)

Articles associés

3D Anatomical Human (projet INRIA)
Ph.D. Thesis 2011 (thèse de doctorat)

En savoir plus

LAP – Lambert Academic Publishing

TVC 2011 - Article de revue scientifique

TVC 2011 – Article de revue scientifique

Publication

François Chung, Jérôme Schmid, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Hervé Delingette; Comparison of statistical models performance in case of segmentation using a small amount of training datasets; In: The Visual Computer (TVC), 27 (2), pp. 141-151, 2011.

Abstract

Model-based image segmentation has been extensively used in medical imaging to learn both shape and appearance of anatomical structures from training datasets. The more training datasets are used, the more accurate is the segmented model as we account for more information about its variability. However, training datasets of large size with a proper sampling of the population may not always be available. In this paper, we compare the performance of statistical models in the context of lower limb bones segmentation using Magnetic Resonance (MR) images when only a small number of datasets is available for training. For shape, both priors based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and shape memory strategies are tested. For appearance, methods based on intensity profiles are tested, namely mean intensity profiles, multivariate Gaussian distributions of profiles and multimodal profiles from Expectation-Maximization (EM) clustering. Segmentation results show that local and simple methods perform the best when a small number of datasets is available for training. Conversely, statistical methods feature the best segmentation results when the number of training datasets is increased.

Mots-clés

  • clustering
  • model-based segmentation
  • principal component analysis
  • statistical models

Références

Publication

Articles associés

3D Anatomical Human (projet INRIA)
Ph.D. Thesis 2011 (thèse de doctorat)

Ph.D. Thesis 2011 - Thèse de doctorat

Ph.D. Thesis 2011 – Thèse de doctorat

Publication

François Chung; Regional appearance modeling for deformable model-based image segmentation; Thèse de doctorat (Ph.D. Thesis), Mines ParisTech, Centre de Mathématiques Appliquées, 2011.

Abstract

This thesis presents a novel appearance prior for model-based image segmentation. This appearance prior, denoted as Multimodal Prior Appearance Model (MPAM), is built upon an Expectation-Maximization (EM) clustering of intensity profiles with model order selection to automatically select the number of profile classes. Unlike classical approaches based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA), the clustering is considered as regional because intensity profiles are classified for each mesh and not for each vertex.

First, we explain how to build a MPAM from a training set of meshes and images. The clustering of intensity profiles and the determination of the number of appearance regions by a novel model order selection criterion are explained. A spatial regularization approach to spatially smooth the clustering of profiles is presented and the projection of the appearance information from each dataset on a reference mesh is described.

Second, we present a boosted clustering based on spectral clustering, which optimizes the clustering of profiles for segmentation purposes. The representation of the similarity between data points in the spectral space is explained. Comparative results on liver profiles from Computed Tomography (CT) images show that our approach outperforms PCA-based appearance models.

Finally, we present methods for the analysis of lower limb structures from Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. In a first part, our technique to create subject-specific models for kinematic simulations of lower limbs is described. In a second part, the performance of statistical models is compared in the context of lower limb bones segmentation when only a small number of datasets is available for training.

Mots-clés

  • appearance modeling
  • liver
  • lower limbs
  • medical imaging
  • model-based image segmentation
  • unsupervised clustering

Références

Publication

Articles associés

3D Anatomical Human (projet INRIA)
CVIU 2013 (article de revue scientifique)
LAP 2011 (livre)

En savoir plus